Synthetic Fiber and Fabric Features

In terms of structural features, some synthetic fibers and synthetic fabrics include:

Chemical/fuel resistant — Materials are designed to resist damage caused by acids, alkalis, general chemicals, fuel and oils.These materials are used to seal fuel or oil tanks.

Electrically conductive — Textiles or fabrics include fibers with high electrical conductivity or low electrical resistivity. Often, conductive filler is added to increase conductivity. Products are used in electronic, anti-staticor electrostatic discharge (ESD) applications.

Electrical insulation/dielectric — Dielectricfibers, fabrics, and textiles are electrically insulating. Dielectric materials are used to form a barrier or isolator between electrical or electronic components.

Flame retardant fabrics — Flame retardant products reduce the spread of flames or resist ignition when exposed to high temperature, or insulate the substrate and delay damage. A UL 94 rating indicates that the material is flame retardant in accordance with Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.(UL) Flame Class 94V-0 or other equivalent ISO standards.

Hydrophilic/absorbent — The surfaces of hydrophilic materials absorb water. They are often used when high absorbency (many times the basis weight of the material) is important.

Sound proofing/insulation –Sound proofing or acoustic insulation materials are used to form a barrier or isolator between components and sources of noise or vibration.This category includes foam material products used for diffusing sound without causing a large degree of attenuation.

Thermal insulation/fireproofing — Thermal insulation materials provide a barrier between a component and a heat source.

UL approved/listed — Materials meet applicable standards from Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL).

Hydrophobic/waterproof –Waterproof materials do not dissolve or degrade when exposed to water. The fabric may still absorb water if the product is hydrophilic and has open porosity.

Weather/UV resistant — Plastic or elastomer foams are resistant to ultraviolet (UV) light or sunlight. Some non-UV resistant foam will crack, yellow, or degrade on exposure to UV light.Weather resistant materials can withstand exposure to the elements, such as wind, rain, snow dust, humidity, heat, cold, and other weather conditions.